Programming

Best Programming Language to Learn in 2019

If you want to step into the programming world and learn a language or want to add a language to your skillset, keep an eye out for these popular languages in 2019.

With the tech talent shortage, expertise in a programming language can almost always be considered a valuable skill. But which one should you choose?

Popular Programming Languages
Popular Programming Languages

The reputation of programming languages changes all the time. Some newer ones can gain traction and therefore become more popular among the programming community. Others can be in greater demand for the industry and therefore pay more.

According to Tiobe’s search engine-based ranking, Java has topped the latest list, having seen the prime rise of any language, closely followed by C and Python. Tiobe is a world-recognized authority when it comes to programming language popularity. It takes data from hundreds of different sources and compiles it in an index based on a myriad of metrics, including the number of experienced engineers in a language, the amount of courses available and the search engine popularity for that language.

TIOBE Index of Popular Programming Languages
TIOBE Index of Popular Programming Languages 2019

Java is widely used for building enterprise-scale web applications. It is known to be exceptionally stable, and so many large organizations have adopted it. Java and C are also both widely considered to be two of the easiest languages to learn.

The Python programming language has won the title “programming language of the year” at Tiobe’s community index! Python has received this title because it has gained most ranking points in 2018 if compared to all other languages.

Interestingly, though one of the most popular and well-known programming languages, Python has been slow to climb to the top of the Tiobe index. While it is extensively considered as the best programming language for beginners and is the go-to language for a number of jobs in machine learning, web programming and statistical analysis, it only made it into the top three languages on the index in September 2018.

A likely cause of the sudden popularity for a language that has been around since the early ’90s is the fast-growing need for talent in data science. Data science still remains one of the hottest areas in the tech industry and the number of queries for Python and data science have shot up in current years. Python has also climbed to the top spot in the PYPL Popularity of Programming Language Index, which measures the amount of people searching for programming language tutorials, based on data from Google Trends.

Developer at work
Developer at work

Two newer languages to watch out for this year include Android app programming language Kotlin, which rose from 39th to 31st place, and Rust, which moved from 46th to 33rd place.

Tiobe forecasts that Kotlin will join the top 20 most popular languages this year. Indeed, the number of contributors using Kotlin to build projects hosted on GitHub more than doubled in the previous year.

Meanwhile, Rust is a new system-level programming language that came in first place in the 2018 Stack OverFlow Developer Survey for developers’ most loved and wanted language.

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