The Internet of Things (IoT) is a completely new platform for developers and engineers, but one thing should remain reliable as we move into this new world, the programming languages. From our limited time checking out IoT projects, developers seem to be utilizing the same languages for their projects, while also integrating some specific changes for IoT.
What languages are the best & finest for IoT?
From speaking2 to industry folks that have worked on IoT devices and systems before, C, C++, and Java are the most admired choices for general purpose projects. C is one of the first programming languages and is popular for low-level projects, C++ expands on the capabilities of C. There’s another language called C#, Microsoft’s own higher level version, but not many developers make use of it.
C is considered the most functional for IoT devices because it doesn’t require a lot of processing power. C++ is an alternative if the IoT device requires more complex tasks, think thermostats and elegant toasters rather than devices that detect humidity or heat. Java is another general purpose language that is useful for IoT devices that need a lot of interfacing and calculation, since it is more portable than C++, lightweight (for a high level language), and more frequently taught.
Other programming languages are more specific!
If you don’t want to go with C, there are some other low-level programming languages that may suit your needs. B# is one of those, a language built from the ground up for very low power devices. It is similar to C#, but stripped of the hand holding and fitted with real-time control functions.
Assembler is the king of low-level languages, capable of running on just about anything. The downside is there’s no hand holding at all, if you code doesn’t work, too bad, if a new processor doesn’t accept Assembler code, too bad.
Also See: Most Well-Liked Programming Languages
Google and Nest’s language, Weave, could become popular if it receives more hold up from developers inside and outside Mountain View. Google also has Brillo, an all surrounding platform for IoT devices, which could promote Weave use if it becomes popular. Apple is a competitor with its open source language Swift, currently marketed at iOS and Mac OS developers.
For now, IoT (The Internet of Things) developers should look at the programming languages we have used for decades, before venturing into the niche and new.